If you want to run ubuntu on your system but you already have Windows 10 installed and don’t want to give it up completely, you have a couple of options. One option is to run Ubuntu inside of a virtual machine on Windows 10, and the other option is to create a dual boot system. Both options have their pros and cons.
Ubuntu is a popular operating system which is open source and has easy installation. It is quite flexible and has unlimited customization options which are highly secure in nature. In this tutorial, TheGhanaTech.com will be showing you how you can install and dual boot ubuntu on windows 10 and 11.
Recommended system requirements:
- 2 GHz dual-core processor or better
- 4 GB system memory
- 25 GB of free hard drive space
- Internet access is helpful
- Either a DVD drive or a USB port for the installer media
How to install and dual boot ubuntu on windows 10, 11
Before you start with the steps for the installation, you need to back up your windows 10 or 11 operating system. This is highly recommended because any error during the installation may leave your system in an inconsistent state.
- Open your browser and search for https://ubuntu.com/download/desktop
- Click on download
- After downloading, you need to create a Bootable USB drive
Create a Bootable USB stick
- You need to create a bootable USB stick with Rufus on windows
- Download Rufus onto your pc
- Launch Rufus
- Insert your USB stick
- Rufus will update to set the device within the Device field
- If the Device selected is incorrect (perhaps you have multiple USB storage devices), select the correct one from the device field’s drop-down menu
- Select the Ubuntu ISO file and click on Open.
- Click START to initiate the writing process.
- You may be alerted that Rufus requires additional files to complete writing the ISO. If this dialogue box appears, select Yes to continue.
- Keep Write in ISO Image mode selected and click on OK to continue.
- When the Status bar will be filled with green and the word READY will appear in the center. Select CLOSE to complete the writing process.
Once the USB drive is ready, it’s time to make some space to install the Ubuntu. To do this we will use the windows disk management utility to shrink up space for Ubuntu.
Shrink space for Ubuntu
- Right-click on the windows start button and select “Disk Management”
- A new window will appear showing all of the available drives.
- Right-click on the drive usually “C:” which has the biggest free space and select the “Shrink Volume” Option.
- A window will appear, showing up the best possible size.
- Adjust the size as per requirement and click on “Shrink”.
The shrinking process will be started and a new unallocated partition is created once the shrinking process has been completed. This partition will be used to install Ubuntu.
- Off your computer and Insert the USB flash drive into the laptop or PC
- Boot or restart the laptop or pc.
- Hold F12 during startup and select the USB device from the system-specific boot menu.
- You will see the welcome screen inviting you to either try or install Ubuntu.
- Click Install Ubuntu.
- You will be asked to select your keyboard layout. Once you’ve chosen one, click Continue
- The next screen asks “Do you want to install the latest updates from the Ubuntu server” Select this option if you have an internet connection else skip this option and press continue.
- The next screen will ask, “How do you want to install the Ubuntu”. Select the option to install the “Ubuntu alongside windows boot manager” and click on “Install Now”.
- Press continue to proceed with the installation.
- Now the Ubuntu personalization wizard will be started and will ask your location. Select your location and then press continue.
- Select your keyboard layout and press continue
- Next, it will ask for the computer name, username and password to create a default user. Save this password as you will require it in future to use this system. Enter the computer name, username and password and press continue.
- The setup will start and copy the files from a USB drive to the actual hard disk drive.
- Once the setup has been completed, it will ask to reboot the system.
- Once the system has been rebooted, you can see that the bootloader will ask which operating system you want to start. Select windows or ubuntu as per your requirement.